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For example, F E93 episode WRC. Episodes missing from the DVD set are: Episodes Episodes Episodes Episode 83 Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episode Episodes Episode 15th anniversary show August 06, Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes Episodes All episodes missing for Stored off-site at Iron Mountain and requires hour notice for retrieval. Please contact the Woodson Research Center at or woodson rice.

These DVDs are thematically organized. Themes include Ranchers and Ranching F T , Odd Jobs F T , Railroads F T , Route 66 F T38 Repository Browse List. Accessing Materials Described Here. Guide to the Eyes of Texas television show episodes and summaries collection, MS October 14, J. Least Pop. Park, Weches. Anthony Hotel, San Antonio. March 17, Wm.

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Autrey, J. Chaparral St. March 29, Decoty Coffee Co. March 06, Ruth, H. April 17, Dr. May 01, S.

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Henry Museum, Austin. March 10, Depot Discovery Ctr. Courthouse, Ft.

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March 29, Dave Stirton Flies Texas. This means their nemesis, Cicada Killer Wasps Sphecius speciosus , will soon be seen cruising woodlands and landscapes in search of their exclusive prey. The nymphs of both types of cicadas develop underground sustained by juices sucked from tree roots and it takes multiple years for them to complete their development from eggs to new adults.

It takes years for dog-day cicada nymphs to complete their development; however, some adults emerge every year due to overlapping generations. As with periodical cicadas, dog-day cicada females use their long, spade-like ovipositors to insert eggs through the bark of twigs and into the white wood.

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The resulting damage splits the bark and white wood leaving deep longitudinal furrows of ruptured tissue. However, owing to the smaller numbers of dog-day cicadas, their egg-laying damage usually goes unnoticed.

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Cicada killer wasps feed exclusively on annual dog-day cicadas; they do not prey upon periodical cicadas. The synchrony with annual cicadas makes sense if you consider that the wasps would starve to death waiting 13 or 17 years for a cicada meal. As with all Hymenoptera wasps, bees, etc.

The males are aggressive, but they lack stingers.

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The females spend their time digging and provisioning burrows with paralyzed cicada-prey. They prefer to dig their brood burrows in bare, well-drained soil that is exposed to full sunlight. Although the wasps are considered solitary, all of the females have the same nesting requirements.

So it is not unusual for there to be numerous burrows, and wasps, in relatively small areas. The males spend their time establishing and defending territories that encompass multiple females. They are notoriously defensive and will aggressively buzz any transgressor who dares to enter their territory including other males as well as picnickers, golfers, volleyball enthusiasts, and gardeners. Cicada killers are considered beneficial insects. However, their large size coupled with low-level flights over sand volleyball courts, sparse lawns, and bare areas in landscapes can be disconcerting generating demands for control options.

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Insecticide applications to kill the killers is not recommended. First, they are beneficial insects. Second, the females are not aggressive; stinging encounters are very rare. Finally, the best way to manage cicada killers is to modify their habitat. Renovating lawns late this summer to thicken the turfgrass will keep the killers out of lawns. Applying mulch to cover bare soil or raking mulch to disturb and redistribute possible burrowing sites will convince females to nest elsewhere. The adults and immatures nymphs look nothing alike which can lead to identification issues with connecting one to the other.

The adults of many species have broadly triangular shaped front wings that they hold tent-like over their abdomens. The adults are commonly found resting on plant stems and are often mistaken for moths. A good example is provided by the Citrus Flatid Planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa. Despite its common name, this planthopper is commonly found in Ohio. It ranges throughout the eastern U. Late instar nymphs look like some form of Star Wars troop vehicle with tufts of white filaments streaming behind.

Clusters planthopper nymphs are appearing on plants in southwest Ohio. They are most commonly found in woodlands, but will occasionally creep up the stems of plants in landscapes as well as vegetable gardens. Like their aphid, mealybug, and soft-scale cousins, flatid planthopper adults and nymphs use their piercing-sucking mouthparts into phloem vessels to tap plant sap.

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Fortunately, flatid planthoppers seldom rise above the status of nuisance pests. However, their resemblance to other sucking insects that cloak themselves in white, cotton-like material can lead to misidentifications.

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Updates are from Dr. The bladder-like galls produced the Sumac Gall Aphid Melaphis rhois are becoming evident on the leaflet midveins of its namesake host in southwest Ohio. This will change as the season progresses. The galls will eventually become variegated with areas that are greenish-white bounded by areas that are mottled reddish-pink.

The starkly contrasting colors will make the galls very evident. The online literature indicates smooth sumac Rhus glabra and staghorn sumac R. As with the vast majority of insects that produce plant galls, the sumac gall aphid appears to cause little injury to the overall health of their host plants. Although heavy galling may cause early coloring and shedding of some sumac leaflets, the overall impact appears to be inconsequential relative to plant health. The aphid has a complex life cycle with summer generations producing galls on sumac and winter generations living on mosses beneath or near the sumac. Females released from the summer galls drop onto moss where they reproduce asexually and the subsequent generations survive the winter.

Males and females arise from the moss colonies in the spring with winged, mated females flying to sumac where each female lays a single egg. The galls eventually split open in the fall to release winged females that drop onto moss starting the alternating moss-sumac host cycle over again. Ren was doing research on prehistoric connections between gall-making aphids on sumac that are found in Asia and North America.

Alert readers will recognize that the timing is very close to the mass extinction that marked the end of the Cretaceous period as well as the non-avian dinosaurs the so-called K-T Boundary. While the exact chain of events causing the demise of T-Rex remains hotly debated, there is no doubt a meteor impact played a key role.